A long article about why is difficult to form the habit of saying ”I was wrong”.
One cause is the one I quoted in the title of this post.
Others are related with well-known experiment in social media - ”The Dress”, people seeing two different colors, and ”Yanny or Laurel”, people hearing a name, and others the other. Of course, these experiments new media has facilitated are decades preceded by classic experiments:
and, of course, by the more intellectual approach - Wittgenstein duck/rabbit drawing.
Another interesting take from the article:
”Similarly, psychologists find when a lie is repeated, it’s more likely to be misremembered as being true, and for a similar (effortlessness, as quoted in my title, my note, m.b.)) reason: When you’re hearing something for the second or third time, your brain becomes faster to respond to it. And that fluency is confused with truth.”
“Our ignorance is invisible to us,” David Dunning, an expert on human blind spots, says.
You might recognize his name as half of the psychological phenomenon that bears his name: the Dunning-Kruger effect. That’s where people of low ability — let’s say, those who fail to understand logic puzzles — tend to unduly overestimate their abilities. Inexperience masquerades as expertise.”
And two, there needs to be more celebration of failure, and a culture that accepts it. That includes building safe places for people to admit they were wrong”